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European Robin

Erithacus rubecula

The European robin arrives in Vaasa during April. Photo Jan Nyman.

General information. The European robin is a common passerine in Finland that has increased in population over the past few decades. Annual variations in population can be great, depending on climatic conditions in Central – and Southern Europe, where the species winters. Migration to Finland begins in April. Its clear, bubbly song can be heard mainly at dusk.

  • Length 15 cm
  • Nests on the ground
  • Winters in Central- and southern Europe, returning to Finland in April
  • Feeds on worms and insects

Habitat. The European robin is a forest dweller. Healthy spruce forests alongside outlet ditches or creeks are places where it is most likely to be observed. Its territory can also be found in mixed-type forests or waterfront groves. It is only on the sparsest of pine ridges where its powerful call cannot be heard. It also nests in close proximity to residential areas. In Vaasa, the most likely places to observe the European robin are Pilvilampi, Öjen and in the spruce forests by Risö.

Distribution in Vaasa. The European robin is a common forest species. During the years the survey was being conducted, the species was found in over 200 survey blocks. Simultaneously during this period, a more accurate bird census was made, which indicated about 10 nesting pairs within one square kilometer.