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European Greenfinch

Carduelis chloris

A European greenfinch eating seeds from a creeping thistle. Photo Christer Hangelin.

General information. The European greenfinch is a newcomer to the avifauna established in Finland. The nesting population and distribution area in the country has developed significantly over the most recent decades. The northernmost border of this species distribution area was still in line with Kemi, Kajaani and Lieksa, during the 1950 and 1960’s. Since then, the greenfinch has become a resident of Finland’s northernmost populated areas, all the way up to Ivalo.

  • Length 16 cm
  • Nests in young spruce trees, junipers or spruce hedgerows
  • Some greenfinches migrate to southwestern and Central Europe
  • Feeds on insects, berries, seeds and grain

Habitat. Preferred habitats during the nesting season include parks, gardens and detached housing areas. Furthermore, it can be found nesting in countryside villages and forests alongside farmlands. Nowadays, it can also be found nesting in both the inner and outer areas of the archipelago.

Distribution in Vaasa. The European greenfinch is considered as a common species in Vaasa, being observed during the survey in approximately 220 survey blocks. It can be found in Vaasa primarily in cultural landscape areas, yet is also a common nester in corresponding areas, such as in the Gerby archipelago. The European greenfinch is a well known guest at feeding tables during winter, consuming mainly sunflower seeds.