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Shores and waterfronts are areas of land directly connected to water bodies. They tend to exhibit a diverse range birdlife, including ducks, grebes and waders that especially thrive along the waterfront. Many shorebirds have adapted to living in close proximity to built up waterfronts. Species and vegetation richness vary within these areas. Lush waterfronts exhibit a richer birdlife than arid, rocky beaches. Examples of species nesting along the waterfront include the tufted duck, common goldeneye, great crested grebe and Eurasian oystercatcher.

Land uplift waterfront. Photo Jan Nyman.